Some of the most frequent types of severe crashes are rear-end collisions. These crashes, which are one of the four Critical Crashes Types, often result in extensive property damage, serious bodily injuries, or even death. They are often much more severe when a large truck is involved.
Many factors can contribute to a rear-end crash, such as driver distraction, inattention, improper following distance, speed too fast for conditions, and poor reaction. Courtesy of Great West Causality Company, here are some tips that may help you reduce the likelihood of a driver being involved in a rear-end crash:
1. Maintain at least a six-second following distance. Under normal highway-driving conditions, it is important for drivers to give themselves enough cushion behind the vehicles in front of it. Sometimes six seconds is not enough. If additional hazards are present, like adverse weather, road construction, etc., add one second for each.
2. Reduce speed by 2-3 mph below the posted speed limit. This will allow faster traffic to pull away without having to continually speed up or slow down. Likewise, reduce speed before entering a ramp, turn or curve to reduce centrifugal force.
3. If driving in adverse conditions, visibility and traction may be reduced which could affect reaction time and stopping distance.
4. Check brake systems and adjust as necessary. Test the brakes for proper stopping before starting a trip to assure that the brakes are adjusted properly. Determine if the air system is operating well and make sure that low air warning devices are functioning correctly.
5. Stay alert at all times. Drivers should avoid distracting behaviors such as talking on the phone, texting, eating, drinking, or daydreaming while driving. It only takes a split second of inattention to rear-end the vehicle ahead.
Please contact the LTI Safety Department for more information on preventing accidents.